In the past, people looked less at the quality of the coffee and more at how many berries could be harvested. Because the robusta plant has more coffee beans in a harvest, the supply of robusta coffee was larger than arabica. For this reason, people have mainly grown up with the taste of robusta coffee. As the years have gone by, consumers have become increasingly critical of quality and arabica coffee beans have gained popularity.
If you compare the seeds (the coffee beans) of the arabica and robusta coffee, there are a number of differences. For example, the coffee bean of the arabica plant is oval and narrow, while the coffee bean of the robusta plant is round. There is a line in the middle of the coffee beans, with the arabica bean that line runs in an S, with the robusta bean it is a straight line.
The coffee plant also suffers from many diseases. For example, leaf rust is a common disease. The robusta coffee plants are more resistant to diseases than the arabica coffee. Coffee plants have been crossed in various laboratories to develop a stronger coffee plant that also tastes good. A new challenge for the coffee plant is the climate. It’s getting hotter and the weather is getting more and more extreme. In 2021 there was frost in the largest coffee producing country in the world, Brazil. Due to the frost, the harvest of the season has decreased by 25% compared to 2020.
We have already discussed a lot of differences between arabica vs robusta, but the main point has not yet been covered; the taste. As mentioned, you can make coffee from both the robusta and the arabica coffee plant. The taste of a robusta is intense, woody, bitter, rubber. Coffee made from arabica coffee plant is sweet, sour, bitter, floral. The difference in taste is huge! Because the coffee of an arabica variety has so much more flavor, we only sell coffee beans that descend from the arabica coffee plant.